American author and illustrator, born in Brooklyn, New York, 1928.
Sendak was born in a poor emigrant family from Poland. The Holocaust during World War II has made a profound impression on his work. Maurice Sendak's major breakthrough was Where the Wild Things Are, 1963, where he all at once revolutionised the entire picture-book narrative. Unlike any other contemporary picture-book artist, he has changed the entire landscape of the modern picture-book - thematically, aesthetically and psychologically. Primarily it is in the dozen or so books that Sendak has both written and illustrated, where he penetrates the most secret recesses of childhood.
The visual expression of a child's inner landscape, which one already meets in Where the Wild Things Are, becomes Sendak's hallmark even in In the Night Kitchen, 1970 and Outside Over There, 1981.
As an illustrator of other people's texts, e.g. of children's books by George MacDonald, Randall Jarrell and Meindert DeJong, Sendak has demonstrated in a wonderful way how pictures can emphasize new meanings of a text.
Sendak received a spate of awards, including two Caldecott Medals (1964 and 1974) and the Hans Christian Andersen Medal from IBBY (1970). He passed away on May 8, 2012, at an age of 83 years.